In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)

IVF is one of the most commonly used treatments for infertility, because it maximizes the chances of conception.

When conception happens naturally, an egg which has been released from an ovary is fertilized by sperm in a female’s fallopian tube. Through IVF, the process of fertilization occurs in a lab, where embryologists combine the eggs and sperm. Successfully fertilized eggs are then transferred into the woman’s uterus for further development.

Wondering what your chances of success are with IVF? Click here

Funded IVF

Funded IVF and Fertility Preservation Services Program

In December 2015, the Ontario Government created a new Fertility Services Program to assist families with the costs of assisted reproductive technologies.

This Program gives patients with a valid Ontario health card the ability to receive subsidized IVF and/or Fertility Preservation treatment.

To learn more about this Program, please click here:  Funded IVF Patient Education

For the list of fertility clinics that participate in IVF Funding, please click here: Participating Clinics in the Fertility Program

For more details, you can also visit the Ministry of Health’s website at: Fertility Services

Non-Funded IVF

If your situation does not allow you to wait for Funded IVF, you do have the option to pay for the service. The cost of IVF depends on medication and the procedure cost, this can range between $12,500 – $25,000.

Preimplantation Genetic Screening & Diagnosis Testing (PGS & PGD)

Preimplantation Genetic Screening & Diagnosis Testing (PGS & PGD)

PGS and PGD are terms that refer to the testing of an embryo for specific genetic diseases that can be transmitted from the parents.

PGS refers to the screening for an abnormal number of chromosomes (aneuploidy). This approach screens all 23 pairs of autosomal chromosomes as well as the 2 sex chromosomes. PGS is recommended more often by fertility specialists when discussing infertility due to advancing maternal age, repeated IVF failures, recurring pregnancy losses, or those with a history of genetically abnormal pregnancies.

PGD is the diagnosis of a single gene defect in the embryo for couples that are known to have a single gene mutation. The purpose of this testing is to ensure that offspring won’t have the disease. Most commonly, this group of patients has a 25% – 50% risk of transmitting a significant medical illness to their child.

Some of the disorders diagnosed using PGS:  Down’s Syndrome (Trisomy 21), Trisomy 18, Polyploidies, Monosomy 16

Some of the single gene disorders diagnosed using PGD:

Cystic Fibrosis

Muscular Dystrophy


Tay Sachs

Sickle Cell Anemia


Huntington’s Disease

Marfan’s Disease

When and how does PGS/PGD happen?

After your eggs have been fertilized in-vitro during an IVF cycle and using microscopic guidance, the Embryologist removes cells from the trophectoderm of a blastocyst (5-6 day embryo) and tests for abnormalities. After biopsy and testing of the embryo’s genetic material, embryos will be selected based on their absence of irregularities for transfer and/or freezing.

PGS/PGD can increase the chances of pregnancy, minimize the risk of pregnancy loss, and afford the parents the chance to avoid undesired genetic traits.

Based on your medical history, your fertility specialist may discuss this specialized testing with you at the time you are considering undergoing IVF.

There is an additional fee for this specialized testing that is not included in the IVF fees so please ask your nurse for more details.